One third of earth’s surface is covered with barren area known as desert. It seems like a never ending surface where one could hardly find any living being due to scarce resources. Deserts have some of beautiful, mysterious and eye catching views which is impossible to find anywhere else in the world. Deserts are not only hot but also cold. In fact deserts have some of the world’s coldest places. Exiguous rainfall, sparse vegetation and unpredictable climate make it almost difficult to survive in deserts. We have compiled a list of some of the most Amazing Deserts in the World.
10 Dasht-e-Kavir Desert, Iran
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Populary known as Kavir-e-Namak, Dasht-e-Kavir is a great salt desert situated in the middle of Iranian Plateau. The desert is surrounded by mountains on all the sides and is 800 km (500 mi) long and 320 km (200 mi) wide, spread in the area of 77,600 square km (30,000 square miles) of earth. Due to arid climate, marshes and mud grounds face extreme vaporization that leaves with only crust of salt. World’s 23rd largest desert is folded with saline soil and allows only few living things to survive including camel, sheep, leopard, snakes, wolves and foxes. The area of desert extends from the Alborz Mountain in the north to Dust-e-Lut in the south east. Species that could be found in some of the valleys and on the top of mountains are shrubs and grasses.
9 Great Victoria Desert, Australia
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Covering over 348,750 square kilometer (134,650 square miles) area, the Great Victoria Desert is sparsely populated desert area. The largest desert in Australia is out of ten Australian deserts that start from Eastern Gold Fields region of Western Australia to the Gowler Ranges in South Australia. British explorer, Ernest Giles was the first person to cross Great Victoria Desert. He crossed this desert in the year 1875 and named it on Queen Victoria, a British Queen. Scarce rainfall throughout year in the desert ranges from 200 to 250 Millimeter per year leaves the desert with dry atmosphere. But thunderstorms are quite normal in the region, around 15 to 20 storms per year are recorded in the desert.
8 Death Valley, USA
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The hottest and lowest region of the United States, Death Valley became a Death Valley National Park in year 1994. It occupies an area around 7,800 square kilometers (3,000 sq miles) in Eastern California of North America. During the California Gold Rush in hunt of gold fields one of the prospectors died and since then the valley is named as Death Valley. In year 1950, gold seekers has attracted the gold and silver from that valley. Due to arid climate the desert became so dry to soak even a little water. By recording 57 degree Celsius in July 1913, it became the second highest hottest places regarding temperature. If we search in history Death Valley is the home for Timbisha tribe for over 1000 years and still inherited by them. Most of the mammals could be found in this valley.
7 Lençóis Maranhenses National Park, Brazil
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The Lençóis Maranhenses National Park covers around 1500 square kilometers (580 square miles) of the surface area of the earth. This amazing desert is located in the state of Maranhao, in north eastern Brazil. The area was converted into a national park on January 2nd 1981 due to its incredible beauty. The house of sand, a Brazillian film was shot in the Desert. Even it has a little role in Indian cinematography. A song Kadhal Anukkal featuring Aishwarya Rai Bachchan and Rajnikanth for film Enthiran was shot here. During July to September normal rains makes lagoon full of water reflects as beautiful green and blue lagoons. These lagoons are interconnected to the river such like Rio Negro. Many could be found in that lagoons and fishing is the main livelihood of inhabitants residing in that area.
6 White Desert, Egypt
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Hold your breath and take a look over the White Desert. A center point of attraction for tourist in Egypt is what people call White Desert. Also known as, Sahara el Beyada, it is located at Farafra. The second largest desert in Egypt has smallest population in the world. People call it White Desert as Farafra oasis itself means White Desert. The shape of the desert moves constantly and even the size of the rock formation are as big as human. Al Qubar is 20 meter high rock formation popularly known as Finger of God and looks like a big finger and can be viewed from a paved road even from far. Farafra oasis is famous for its traditional values, customs and rituals that are still followed by the inhabitants. White Desert occupies over 300 Square Kilometer (116 miles) of area and since 2002 it became a protected area.
5 Tabernas Desert, Spain
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The only semi-desert in Europe, Tabernas Desert is situated within Spain. The desert was originally an ocean until the Sierra Alhamilla mountain range was formed. The desert is mostly inhabited as only some of the species of animals and reptiles as rabbits, lizards and snakes thrive here. The extreme weather conditions have led to the extinction of many of the flora species. The desert is a protected area that spread in an area of 280 square Kilometers (110 Square Miles).
4 Rub’al Khali, Arabian Peninsula
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Also known as “The Empty Quarter”, Rub’Al Khali is the largest sand desert in the world. The desert covers one third of the Southern part Arabian Peninsula with a spread of 650,000 square kilometers (250,000 square miles). The desert has typical hot climate and has a rainfall of less than 30 millimeters. The animals inhabiting the desert include Scorpions and Rodents and flora is found all over the desert.
3 Thar Desert, India
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The great Indian Thar Desert or Marusthali (land of the dead) is covering over 208,110 square kilometer (129,314 square miles) area of earth surface. It is situated in Indian subcontinent within royal state of Rajasthan and some region of Punjab, Haryana and Gujarat. The world’s 9th largest subtropical desert is highly populated area. The people are residing from ancient times in this place. Their living in here is based upon agriculture and animal husbandry. Camel riding is the main thrust for the tourists. The Thar is famous for the great musical poetry and Rajasthani folk dance.
2 Cold Desert, India
The Indian Government has made up 18 biosphere reserves in India. Cold Desert of Himachal Pradesh was made the 16th biosphere reserve in India in year 2009. It is situated in the Western Himalayan region in Himachal Pradesh state. The average area occupied by cold desert 7,770 square kilometer (3,000 square miles), which includes Pin Valley National Park, Chandratal Sarchi Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary. The cold desert in hardly effected by monsoons. Tourists visit cold desert for its adventurous and spontaneous options mostly for trekking. The area is occupied by the followers of Buddhist from ancient India. People could mostly found alpine tree due to sparse vegetation.
1 Great Rann of Kutch, India
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The largest salt desert in the world, the Great Rann of Kutch, is a part of Thar Desert in the Kutch district and some part of it spread in Pakistan. It covers 7,505.22 square kilometer (2,897.78 square miles) area of earth’s surface area. Normally Kutchi people live in that area from ancient times. International border that connect India and Pakistan is situated in greater Rann of Kutch. The land is full of natural gases due to salty lowland. This was one of the reasons of Indo Pakistan war in 1965. Rann festival is organized by Indian government every year which continues for 3 month. The Kutch is also famous for embroidered clothes.