There are over 200 countries in the world. From the word “Country” one might think of a large area of land with lots of people residing. But the fact is that some of the countries on earth are so small that the cities of other countries are monstrous compared to them. Most of the world’s smallest countries are in European microstates and rest all are small Island nations. These countries are independent countries and have their own government. Here is the list of top 10 smallest countries in the world based on their geographical area.
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Spread in the area of 316 Square Kilometer, the Island of Malta is situated in the Mediterranean Sea. The Island has a population of 450,000 and is most densely populated countries in the world. The Island is famous for its beautiful beaches, sunny weather and vibrant nightlife. The Republic of Malta comprises of three major Islands viz Gozo, Comino and Malta-The largest one. The capital of Malta is Valetta and Maltese and English is the mother tongue of Malta.
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Maldives is a group of 1,192 Coral Islands situated in the Indian Ocean about 250 miles southwest of India. The country is occupied by almost 340,000 residents and is spread in an area of 298 Square Kilometer. Also the Island country is smallest country in Asian continent both in terms of area and population. Only 200 islands in the Maldives is inhabited, but the interesting fact is more than 300,000 inhabitants reside in the capital city Malé. Maldives is a complete Islamic country and practicing of any other religion is forbidden by the Law. Maldives is famous for its astonishing natural beauty and has a booming tourism industry. People who comes to Maldives never forget to visit, Beach House Maldives, a famous hotel and popular tourist spot.
8 Saint Kitts and Nevis
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The Saint Kitts and Nevis are two Island spread in an area of 261 Square Kilometers in the Caribbean Sea. The islands are preferred by tourist for diving as it has abundant marine life. Saint Kitts and Nevis is the smallest country in America and it is a federal state. Saint Kitts and Nevis is also known as “The Mother colony of the West Indies” as the islands were first supposed to be colonized by the Europeans. Cricket is famous sport of these islands and has given many famous players to West Indies team.
7 Marshall Islands
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Spread in the area of 181 Square Kilometer, Marshall Islands is group of 34 low lying coral reef in the Pacific Ocean. The Islands are famous mainly due to various nuclear testing by America. The Islands were conquered by US during the World War II but at present it is a free country. As Marshall Islands have fewer resources to survive, a large part of GDP for Islands comes from US aid. The islands also have the largest shark sanctuary in the world spread in an area of 772,000 Square Miles.
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Liechtenstein, only nation completely located in the Alps Mountains. The country speaks German and situated between Switzerland and Austria. The country is spread under an area of 170 Square Kilometer in the European Continent. It has the highest GDP in the world and owns a principality. It is mainly famous for its banking services and also considered as a tax heaven nation around the world with the lowest Unemployment rate. Due to its mountainous terrain, Liechtenstein is the also a famous sports destination for adventurism.
5 San Marino
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Founded in the year 301, San Marino is not only one of the smallest but also one of the oldest countries in the world. The population of the country is just over 30,000 and is spread in an area of 61 Square Kilometer. The country is completely surrounded by the Italy and boast of a country with one of the highest GDP in terms of per capita. The most popular sport of the country is Soccer.
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The country of Tuvalu is situated in the Pacific Ocean and comprises of 9 coral atolls in the west of Australia. Tuvalu is inhabited by 10,000 people and is spread in the area of 26 Square Kilometer. It is very difficult to get into the Island as a result of which tourism is not so significant. Tuvalu was formerly known as the Ellice Islands and its capital is Funafuti.
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Formerly known as the Pleasant Island, Nauru is the smallest Island in the world. The island is situated at the east of Australia in the Pacific Ocean and is famous for its phosphate mining. However the mines have almost depleted. The country is also a tax heaven and centre of money laundering. The country does not have any capital and is spread in the area of 21 Square Kilometer. The country is inhabited by approximately 10,000 people who are known to be most obese people in the world (The Fattest Place on the Earth).
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Monaco is known for its gambling, night life and luxury goods and services. The country is situated on French Riviera in an area of 2 Square Kilometer. It is the place for rich and famous people and also considered the home to the largest number of millionaire and billionaires per capita in the world. The country has a population of over 36,000 and is bordered by France on three sides. Most of the residents here speak French. Monaco is also the most densely populated country in the world. The country is also famous for its Formula 1 racing throughout the world and like other small nations it is also comes into tax free countries. Monaco is also considered as one of the most unfriendly place in the world.
1 Vatican City
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Ruled by the pope, the Vatican City is the smallest country in the world with the population of only 800 people. The country is situated in the Rome, Italy and is basically a walled Enclave spread in the area of 0.44 Square Kilometer. Vatican City might be the smallest country but it is one of the most powerful countries as it is the holy place of the Catholics. The Vatican City is also known as the Holy See and has the biggest church in the world- St. Peter’s Basilica.